SCHALLER HARDWOOD LUMBER COMPANY

 

LUMBER INVENTORY LIST

 

Schaller Hardwood normally keeps the following species in stock for fast delivery.

This is not a complete listing of our inventory so If you do not find the specie you are looking for feel free to call us to check availability and pricing.    

   

 Forest Fact: 2.5 million acres of trees are planted each year by forest landowners in the US

AFRORMOSIA

 

1" RW&L FAS AFRORMOSIA KD. RGH

The heartwood is yellowish brown and darkens with age. Afrormosia has a fine texture and the grain is generally straight and can be interlocked. Afrormosia is sometimes referred to as “African Teak,” though it is not closely related to genuine Teak.

WESTERN RED ALDER

1" RW&L SUPERIORS ALDER KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RW&L CABINET GRADE ALDER KD. S2S 15/16"             

1" RW&L KNOTTY GRADE ALDER KD. S2S 15/16"

1-1/4" RW&L SUPERIORS ALDER KD. S2S 1-3/16"

1-1/4" RW&L KNOTTY GRADE ALDER KD. S2S 1-3/16"

1-1/2" RW&L SUPERIORS ALDER KD. S2S 1-7/16"

1-1/2" RW&L KNOTTY GRADE ALDER KD. S2S 1-7/16"

2" RW&L SUPERIORS ALDER KD. S2S 1-15/16"

2" RW&L KNOTTY GRADE ALDER KD. S2S 1-15/16"

 

Alder is harvested from the Pacific Northwest. The Alder tree is a relatively small tree thus yielding primarily 8’-10’ lengths with a small percentage of 6’-7’ lengths included. Alder is a light pinkish-brown in color. The color is very consistent throughout the board. There is very little difference between the heartwood and sapwood. Alder is a very soft textured hardwood, can be easily dented with the thumbnail. Alder is a relatively easy wood to work with, machines well, and takes a finish well. Alder has been used as a substitute for Cherry, Walnut, and Birch. The Knotty Alder has become very popular in the past year in the kitchen cabinet business, primarily for the southwestern look.

 

 

ANIGRE

 

1" RW&L FAS&1F QUARTERED ANIGRE KD. RGH. 

Anigre is harvested from Africa. Anigre has a yellowish-white to pale brown, sometimes with a pinkish tint, color. Anigre is produced in both plain sawn and quarter sawn lumber. The quarter sawn seems to be the most popular and gives the most pleasing appearance. Schaller Hardwood keeps a small inventory of 1" stock on hand, however additional stock is normally readily available from a number of our valued importers. Anigre is a difficult wood to work with because of its siliceous content, which makes it abrasive to cutting tools.

 

ASH

1" RW&L FAS&1F ASH KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON ASH KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F ASH KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F ASH KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F ASH KD. RGH.

3" RW&L FAS&1F ASH KD. RGH.

3"X3"X36" ASH TURNING SQUARES

The Ash stocked by Schaller Hardwood Lumber Company is harvested from the Ohio River Valley Region. We have found this Ash lumber to have a medium texture, not nearly as soft as the Ash from the deep South, nor nearly as hard as the Ash from the Northern Regions. The Ash stocked by Schaller Hardwood has a nice white color, containing a small percentage of brown heartwood. Ash is available in lengths ranging from 4’ to 16’ in length. A particularly good buy in Ash is the #1 common 4’-6’ lengths. This stock contains a very high percentage of clear stock. Ash is an open-grained hardwood, which works very well and is easily finished. Due to its white color Ash can be used for many of the white wash finishes and glazes.

 

 

BASSWOOD

1" RW&L SEL. & BTR. BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

3" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

4" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BASSWOOD KD. RGH.

The Basswood stocked by Schaller Hardwood Lumber Company is harvested primarily from the northern tier of states and Canada. The Basswood harvested from the northern region tends to have a good white color. The grain has very little character, the sapwood is very white while the heartwood tends to have a light tan color. In the past Basswood has been used as a Birch substitute in cabinet work. The thicker stock Basswood is used primarily in wood carvings. Basswood is a extremely soft wood, that is very easy to work with hand tools.

 

EUROPEAN STEAMED BEECH

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. EUROPEAN STEAMED BEECH KD. RGH.  

European Beech wood is normally white, pale cream or pale brown and is steamed to relieve drying stresses while also bringing out a pinkish-red color. European Steamed Beech is easy to machine, nails and glues well and when sanded, stained and polished it produces and excellent smooth finish. 

 

BALTIC BIRCH

1" RW&L SEL&BTR. BALTIC BIRCH KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1COM BALTIC BIRCH KD. RGH.

Baltic Birch is fine grain real hardwood with blond sapwood . This wood, to its advantage easily takes stains, so finsihed products could range from natural to any color.  

 

NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. SAP NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RW&L #1 COMMON NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RW&L #1 COMMON SAP NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. S2S 15/16"

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL. &BTR. NORTHERN YELLOW BIRCH KD. RGH.

The Northern Yellow Birch is harvested from the northern tier of mid-western states, the northeastern states and Canada. The majority of stock inventoried by Schaller Hardwood comes out of Canada. Yellow Birch has a distinctive heartwood and sapwood. The sapwood varies in color from a white to manila color depending on the time of year the stock was cut and the region from which the stock originated. The heartwood of the Yellow Birch is a tan to reddish color. Stock can be selected for both heartwood and sapwood. Yellow Birch contains lengths from 4’ to 16’, however in recent years the shorter lengths make up the vast majority of production. Yellow Birch is a closed grain wood that has a grain pattern that varies widely. The grain may often reverse giving the lumber a wavy or curly appearance. This grain reversal may also cause some grain tear out when machining. Yellow Birch is used extensively in architectural millwork, store fixtures, and kitchen cabinets. Yellow Birch finishes rather well and paints well with very little absorption of paint.

BLOODWOOD 

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BLOODWOOD KD. RGH.

Heartwood is a bright, vivid red. Color can darken to a darker brownish red over time with exposure to light. Grain is usually straight or slightly interlocked. Has a fine texture with good natural luster.

BUBINGA (AFRICAN ROSEWOOD)

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BUBINGA

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BUBINGA 

Bubinga is medium red-brown with lighter red to purple veining. Grain is straight to interlocked. It's texture moderately coarse but even. Bubinga wood is primarily used as a veneer for cabinetwork, furniture, and paneling. Bubinga works easily with hand or power tools and stains easily and can be brought to an excellent finish.

 

 

 

BUTTERNUT

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BUTTERNUT KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON BUTTERNUT KD. RGH.

Butternut is harvested from the northern mid-western states. Butternut is also known as White Walnut. The lumber has a grain pattern very similar to Walnut. There is very little distinction between the heartwood and sapwood with the color ranging from a light tan color to a light brown shaded color. The lumber gives off a satiny appearance when finished. The lumber is very easy to work with hand tools and is highly sought after by wood carvers. The availability of high quality lumber is limited. Butternut is graded on the same grading rules as Walnut. Butternut is primarily available in short lengths of 6’-10’, very little long stock is available. Butternut is used in high-end architectural millwork and high-end kitchen cabinetry.

 

 

AROMATIC RED CEDAR

1" RW&L #1 COMMON & BTR. AROMATIC RED CEDAR KD. RGH.

The Aromatic Red Cedar stocked by Schaller Hardwood Lumber Company is primarily harvested off the Southern Missouri, Northern Arkansas border. Aromatic Red Cedar has a red to light red color with white wood interspersed throughout. All Aromatic Red Cedar is extremely knotty due to the growth pattern of the tree. The lumber can be brittle when dried, so care must be taken in the drying process to not over dry the lumber. Aromatic Red Cedar has a pleasant distinct odor, which is said to repel insects. The red wood of the Aromatic Cedar has excellent decay resistance as evidenced by the use of Red Cedar in the old fence posts seen throughout the Ozarks. Aromatic Red Cedar is used in production of Cedar storage chests, closet linings and novelties.

 

 

SPANISH CEDAR

1" RW&L FAS&1F SPANISH CEDAR KD. RGH.

Spanish Cedar is harvested in Central America and South America. Most of the lumber inventoried by Schaller Hardwood is harvested in Brazil. The lumber has a rather uniform light red color with a grain similar to that of Mahogany. In recent years Spanish Cedar has become very popular for use in cigar humidors.

 

 

CHERRY—PENNSYLVANIA   

                                                                                                                                                    

                                     

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. PN. CHERRY KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON PN. CHERRY KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. PN. CHERRY KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. PN. CHERRY KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. PN. CHERRY KD. RGH.

The PN. Cherry stocked by Schaller Hardwood is procured from only three mills which meet the stringent quality requirements of Schaller Hardwood. Pennsylvania Cherry is the finest Cherry available in the world due to the unique growing environment. The Cherry from the Pennsylvania region has a pink to light pink heartwood with very little if any gum pockets. The sapwood is a white color, somewhat distinct from the heartwood. In the grading of Cherry lumber there are no requirements as to the percentage of heartwood and sapwood. Cherry has become extremely popular over the past couple years and has shown a marked increase in cost. Along with the increase in demand for fine cherry lumber we have seen a steady erosion in the quality of lumber available. This has been caused by the use of the high quality logs for veneering leaving a lesser quality log available for sawing into lumber. Another factor in the increase in cost and decrease in quality has been the restrictions placed on logging in the Allegheny National Forest. Cherry is recognized as one of the finest working hardwoods available. Cherry is used in fine architectural millwork, upper-end kitchen cabinetry, and fine quality furniture. The Pennsylvania Cherry does the best job of matching Cherry plywood in color.

 

 

 

 

YELLOW CYPRESS

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. CYPRESS KD. RGH.

1" RW&L PANEL GRADE PECKY CYPRESS KD. RGH.

1 ¼’ RW&L SEL.&BTR. CYPRESS KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. CYPRESS KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. CYPRESS KD. RGH.

 

Although Cypress is a softwood (conifer), it has traditionally been grouped with the hardwoods. Cypress is graded by the rules of the National Hardwood Lumber Association. The reasoning behind this seems to be the fact that Cypress tends to grow in areas along with hardwoods and is harvested at the same time. The Cypress stocked by Schaller Hardwood, is primarily harvested from the swampy areas of Western Tennessee, Eastern Arkansas, and Southeast Missouri. The popularity of Cypress is based on its natural decay resistance. Cypress can be used for many of the same products as Western Red Cedar and Redwood. Cypress is often used in doors, sash, and other millwork. Cypress can be easily painted and has excellent paint retention. The lumber has a distinct pronounced grain pattern, with a yellowish-red color. Pecky Cypress is Cypress that has been attacked by a fungus resulting in the pecks or pockets in the lumber. Pecky Cypress is often used where a rustic or textured look is desired.

 

 

DOUGLAS FIR

 

1"X8"XRL C&BTR. VERTICAL GRAIN DOUGLAS FIR KD. RGH.

2" RW&L C&BTR. FLAT SAWN DOUGLAS FIR KD. RGH.

2" RW&L C&BTR. VERTICAL GRAIN DOUGLAS FIR KD. RGH.

Douglas Fir's light rosy color is set off by its remarkably straight and handsome grain pattern. Douglas Fir is widely available in the appearance grades. Douglas Fir will "redden" over time when exposed to light. Their tough fiber make it difficult to work with hand tools. However, it will respond admirably to sharp power tools and machine to an exceptionally smooth, glossy surface. Douglas Fir will paint easily and can hold all types of stains and finishes.

 

 

JATOBA

 

1" RW&L FAS&1F JATOBA KD. RGH. 

1-1/4" RW&L FAS&1F JATOBA KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F JATOBA KD. RGH. 

Jatoba heartwood is salmon red to orange-brown marked with dark brown streaks. It has a golden luster. Grain is usually interlocked with a medium to coarse texture.  It is very strong, hard and tough. Has very good bending characteristics. High shock resistance

 

 

 

 

AFRICAN MAHOGANY

1" RW&L FAS&1F AFRICAN MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F AFRICAN MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

 

African Mahogany as the name suggests is harvested out of Africa. The lumber varies in color from a light pink to reddish-brown to a tannish-brown color. The lumber stocked by Schaller Hardwood contains great lengths and widths. African Mahogany is virtually clear, so the waste factor when using this wood is rather small. African Mahogany tends to have a fairly coarse grain due to the large size of its pores. African Mahogany machines well, with good sharp tooling and sands to a very smooth finish. African Mahogany is also available in a ribbon stripe grain. When the lumber is ribbon striped it is a bit harder to work with due to the grain reversal. African Mahogany seems to be increasing in use as we see a movement to the darker, richer colored woods. African Mahogany is used in many architectural millwork jobs, upper-end cabinetry, and high-end millwork in residences.

 

 

HONDURAS MAHOGANY                              

1" RW&L FAS&1F REGULAR GRAIN HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

1" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

1" RW&6’-7’ FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY SHORTS

1" RW&L NOA WORMY PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F REGULAR GRAIN HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RWX6’ FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY SHORTS

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F REGULAR GRAIN HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

1 ½" RWX6’ FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY SHORTS

1 ½" RW&L NOA WORMY PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY

2" RW&L FAS&1F REGULAR GRAIN HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

2" RWX6’-7’ FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY SHORTS

2" RW&L NOA WORMY PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY

2 ½" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

3" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

4" RW&L FAS&1F PATTERN GRADE HONDURAS MAHOGANY KD. RGH.

 

The Honduras Mahogany stocked by Schaller Hardwood is primarily harvested from Brazil. The Honduras Mahogany may also be known as Tropical American Mahogany. Honduras Mahogany contains excellent widths and lengths. The lumber stocked by Schaller Hardwood is virtually clear, very few defects. The grain pattern differs widely in Honduras Mahogany. The Pattern Grade stock is selected for a good fine textured straight grain for use in the pattern making industry. The color varies from a light reddish to yellowish-brown to a rich dark red color. Honduras Mahogany works very well with both power and hand tools. The lumber is very durable and decay resistant. Honduras Mahogany is also a very stable wood. Honduras Mahogany takes a stain and finish very well. The lumber is used in high-end architectural millwork, upper-end kitchen cabinetry, high-end furniture, pattern making, and exterior uses, such as decks.

MAKORE 

1" RW&L FAS&1F PLAIN SAWN MAKORE KD.

Pink or reddish brown, commonly with a mottled or wavy grain pattern. Makore has a fine texture with closed pores. It also tends to have a natural luster and shine from its high silica content.
 

IOWA SOFT MAPLE

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH

1" RW&L #1 COMMON IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L #1 COMMON IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH. 

3" RW&L SEL.&BTR. IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH.

4" RW&L SEL.&BTR. IOWA SOFT MAPLE KD. RGH.

 

Iowa Soft Maple lumber is produced from the Silver Maple tree. The Iowa Soft Maple stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested from Northern Missouri and Southern Iowa. The lumber has a bright white sapwood with a very light red to pink heartwood. Iowa Soft Maple tends to contain a fair amount of mineral streaks, which look like little black worms laying on the surface. Iowa Soft Maple has a nice tight closed grain very similar in appearance to Hard Maple. Iowa Soft Maple machines fairly well, paints well, and stains fairly well, but does have a tendency to blotch. Iowa Soft Maple has become extremely popular over the past year as we have seen the price of Select White Hard Maple soar. Iowa Soft Maple offers an economical alternative to Hard Maple. The Iowa Soft Maple is used in the manufacture of kitchen cabinets, office furniture, and millwork. At Schaller Hardwood, due to the large amount of Iowa Soft Maple we bring in and run through our dry kilns, we are able to select for white color for a small up-charge.

 

RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE 

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. UNSELECTED RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH.

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH.

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. SAP RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH. 

1" RW&L #1 COMMON UNSELECTED RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH. 

1" RW&L #1 COMMON NATURAL RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON SAP RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH.

1-1/4" RW&L SEL. &BTR. RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH. 

1-1/2" RW&L SEL. &BTR. RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL. &BTR. RED LEAF SOFT MAPLE K.D. RGH.

In most respects the wood of soft maple is very similar to that of hard maple. The heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The wood is usually straight grained with the sapwood being a primarily white color. Red LeafSoft Maple machines well and can be stained and polished to an excellent finish. Soft maple is often used as a substitute for hard maple or stained to resemble other species such as cherry.

 

 

NORTHERN HARD MAPLE

 

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. #1&2 WHITE NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. BROWN NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON SELECT WHITE NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD RGH.

1" RW&L #1&BTR. BIRDSEYE NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. #1&2 WHITE NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. #1&2 WHITE NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. #1&2 WHITE NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

3" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

4" RW&L SEL.&BTR. NATURAL NORTHERN HARD MAPLE KD. RGH.

Hard Maple is harvested from throughout the Eastern United States and Canada. The inventory stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested from the Northern Midwest and Canada. Schaller Hardwood has found this stock to have the best color, fewest mineral streaks and best texture. Over the past several years the popularity of selected white Hard Maple has soared. The stock cut in the winter months from Canada and the Northern Midwest has consistently had the best bright white color. The stock from the Mid-Eastern States seems to have more of a manila color, as does the stock cut in the north during the warm weather. Hard Maple has white to light cream sapwood with a light pink to light reddish-brown heartwood. The lumber is very heavy and hard with a good uniform texture. Hard Maple finishes well and is excellent for painting. Hard Maple is used in the manufacture of many products, including gym floors, pin planks on pianos, bowling pins, bowling alley lanes, school furniture, kitchen cabinetry, high-end architectural millwork, paint grade cabinets, and paint grade mouldings.

 

 

APPALACHIAN RED OAK

1" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. S2S 15/16"                    

1" 12"&W. FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. S2S 15/16"

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" 12"&W. FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L #1 COMMON APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L #1 COMMON APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¾" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

2" 12"&W. FAS&1F APPALACHIAN RED OAK KD. RGH.

 

The Appalachian Red Oak stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested from many different regions of the Appalachians dependant on the thickness of the lumber. The 1" Red Oak which is purchased green and brought into our kilns for drying is purchased from Southern Illinois, Southern Indiana, Northern Kentucky, and Western Tennessee. The 1 ½", 1 ¾", and 2" stock is purchased kiln-dried from mills in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. Schaller Hardwood has found the thicker stock from this area to have a better texture, tighter grain pattern, and better color than lumber harvested further south. Red Oak is probably the most commercially important lumber in the United States due to its abundant quantity and reasonable cost. Red Oak has developed a reputation as a high quality material and products produced of Red Oak often carry this distinction. Many are referred to as heirloom quality. Red Oak is a open grain hardwood with a pleasing grain pattern. The heartwood varies in color from a wheat color to light pink to a reddish brown color. The sapwood is usually a manila color varying to light gray to a bluish gray color. Red Oak is one of the more difficult woods to dry properly. The lumber is highly prone to season check and if dried at too rapid a pace will develop internal defects often referred to as honey-comb. One of the reasons for the large increase in cost per board foot on the thicker stock is the increased drying time. 1" Red Oak on average requires approximately 90-100 days of drying from green to a kiln-dried product. 2" Red Oak on average requires approximately 1 year of drying from green to a kiln-dried product. Red Oak takes a finish very well and machines well. The majority of Red Oak sold by Schaller Hardwood is used in the manufacture of kitchen cabinets, antique reproductions, cabinet doors, architectural millwork, and residential millwork.

 

LOCAL OR TIE/SIDE RED OAK

1" RWX8’-10’ FAS&1F TIE/SIDE RED OAK KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RWX8’-10’ #1 COMMON TIE/SIDE RED OAK KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RWX8’-10’ #2 COMMON TIE/SIDE RED OAK KD. S2S 15/16"

 

The Local or Tie/Side Red Oak is lumber that is harvested by a number of smaller mills located through out Mid-Missouri, Eastern Missouri, and Northern Arkansas. The terminology Tie/Side comes from the time when most of these smaller mills cut railroad ties for the railroad industry. The lumber that was cut off the outside of the log was considered the Tie/Side. This lumber is brought into Schaller Hardwood as #3 Common & Btr. Green from the sawmill. At Schaller Hardwood we then dip the lumber to prevent stain, separate and grade the lumber, place the lumber on sticks for air-drying, and finally kiln-dry the lumber. On this lumber Schaller Hardwood has control of the product from just after the lumber is cut until it reaches the customer’s door. Over the past two decades we have found the local cut Red Oak to be some of the finest quality lumber available. The stock exhibits many of the characteristics of the Appalachian Red Oak. In fact in the Hardwood Market Report and Hardwood Review, the Mid and Eastern Missouri regions are lumped into the Appalachian area. Since Schaller Hardwood has control over the processing of this lumber we are able to offer our customers many options in the purchasing of this material.

 

RIFT & QUARTER SAWN RED OAK

   

                      RIFT                                                     QUARTERED

 

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. RIFT SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. QUARTER SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. RIFT SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.&BTR. QUARTER SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. RIFT SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.&BTR. QUARTER SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. RIFT SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.&BTR. QUARTER SAWN RED OAK KD. RGH.

 

The Rift Sawn and Quarter sawn Red Oak refers to the special way the lumber was cut at the sawmill. Rift Sawn Red Oak will give the grain a straight vertical appearance, almost like a pin stripe effect. Quarter Sawn Red Oak will have a straight grain with what appears to be flakes running perpendicular to the grain.

 

 

APPALACHIAN WHITE OAK

1" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F APPALACHIAN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

 

The Appalachian White Oak stocked by Schaller Hardwood is primarily harvested from Eastern Kentucky. We have found this White Oak to have the best combination of color and length. White Oak has a white to light tan sapwood with a tan to brown colored heartwood. One of the interesting features of White Oak is that its pores contain a substance called tyloses, which prevents water from seeping through the wood. In a straight or rift grain piece of Red Oak you can actually suck water through the pores, whereas a straight or rift grain piece of White Oak will not allow water to pass through. Another factor, which differentiates White Oak from Red Oak is the high amount of tannic acid contained in White Oak. The tannic acid in White Oak protects the wood from fungi and insects. White Oak is used in the manufacture of wine and whiskey barrels, kitchen cabinetry, fine furniture, and architectural millwork. White Oak offers a distinct advantage over Red Oak by not containing the pink tones when a white wash finish is being applied. White Oak machines well and finishes well.

 

 

LOCAL OR TIE/SIDE WHITE OAK

1" RWX8’-10’ FAS&1F TIE/SIDE WHITE OAK KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RWX8’-10’ #1 COMMON TIE/SIDE WHITE OAK KD. S2S 15/16"

 

The Local or Tie/Side White Oak is cut from the same mills that cut our Tie/Side Red Oak. The quantity of White Oak available from these mills is much smaller than the amount of Red Oak because of the high demand on White Oak logs from the stave mills. The Tie/Side White Oak has much the same characteristics as the Appalachian White Oak. We process the Tie/Side White Oak in the same way we handle the Tie/Side Red Oak.

 

 

RIFT AND QUARTER SAWN WHITE OAK

      

                                         RIFT                                                                                  QUARTERED

 

1" RW&L SEL.& BTR. RIFT SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1" RW&L SEL.& BTR. QUARTER SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.& BTR. RIFT SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L SEL.& BTR. QUARTER SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.& BTR. RIFT SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L SEL.& BTR. QUARTER SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.& BTR. RIFT SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L SEL.& BTR. QUARTER SAWN WHITE OAK KD. RGH.

 

Rift Sawn and Quarter Sawn White Oak refers to the special way the lumber is cut at the sawmill. As in Rift Sawn Red Oak the Rift Sawn White Oak will exhibit a straight vertical grain pattern much like a pin stripe effect. As in Quarter Sawn Red Oak the Quarter Sawn White Oak will have a straight grain pattern with flakes running perpendicular to the grain. The flakes are much larger and more pronounced in the White Oak.

 

 

PADOUK

1" RW&L FAS&1F PADOUK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F PADOUK KD. RGH.

 

The Padouk lumber stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested out of Africa. Padouk has a very bright red color which ages over time to a rich brownish red color. Padouk is most commonly used as an accent area or stripes on fine furniture and upper-end cabinetry.

 

 

PECAN/HICKORY

1" RW&L FAS&1F PECAN/HICKORY KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON PECAN/HICKORY KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F PECAN/HICKORY KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F PECAN/HICKORY KD. RGH.

 

Pecan and Hickory lumber are grouped together by the National Hardwood Lumber Association. The Association makes no distinction between these two species. Pecan/Hickory that is stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested from the Ohio River Valley region. Pecan/Hickory lumber has a white to cream-colored sapwood with a light tan to dark brown heartwood. Some of the lumber contains an abundance of bird peck, which gives the lumber a rustic appearance. When purchasing Pecan/Hickory or when selling a Pecan/Hickory job the customer must be made aware of the multiple appearances of the lumber. At Schaller Hardwood we carry a large inventory of Pecan/Hickory enabling us to select for our customers the lumber that best suits their appearance needs. Hickory/Pecan deviates from the standard NHLA rules on FAS&1F lumber width minimums. FAS&1F Pecan/Hickory can go down to 4" in width . Pecan/Hickory is a very dense, hard lumber that machines well with proper tooling and finishes well. The lumber is used in the manufacture of kitchen cabinetry, fine furniture, and a limited amount of architectural millwork.

                                                                 

 

                                                                    

RADIATA PINE                                                  

1" RW&L MOULDING & BTR. NEW ZEALAND RADIATA PINE KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L MOULDING & BTR. NEW ZEALAND RADIATA PINE KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L MOULDING & BTR. NEW ZEALAND RADIATA PINE KD. RGH.

2" RW&L MOULDING & BTR. NEW ZEALAND RADIATA PINE KD. RGH.

 

Radiata Pine, also known as Monterey Pine, grows in several different countries including New Zealand, Australia, Chile, and the United States. In fact, Radiata Pine is native to the west coast of the United States. The Radiata Pine stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested in New Zealand from plantation grown trees. Radiata Pine is available in good lengths and widths. The lumber machines extremely well and is a bit denser than many of the other species of White Pine. The lumber has a light yellowish color with a well-defined grain. We at Schaller Hardwood have found the quality of lumber from New Zealand to be outstanding. Radiata Pine is used in the manufacture of doors, windows, and mouldings.

 

 

NORTHERN WHITE PINE

1" RW&L MOULDING GRADE NORTHERN WHITE PINE KD. RGH.

1" RW&L FURNITURE GRADE NORTHERN WHITE PINE KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FURNITURE GRADE NORTHERN WHITE PINE KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FURNITURE GRADE NORTHERN WHITE PINE KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FURNITURE GRADE NORTHERN WHITE PINE KD. RGH.

 

The Northern White Pine stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested from the Northern Midwest, the Northeast, and Canada. Northern White Pine has a white to cream to yellowish white color. The grain is not very prominent. The Moulding Grade Northern White Pine comes out of one mill in Canada. The lumber while not clear, does offer some very nice clear cuttings. The Furniture Grade Northern White Pine is lumber selected for its abundance of tight red knots. This lumber is graded much like a #1 Common Hardwood with the tight red knots not counting as a defect. The tight red knots are to be utilized in the finished product. All grades of Northern White Pine carried by Schaller Hardwood are dried to the moisture content of 8%-10% for use in fine cabinetry and millwork. The Furniture Grade Northern White Pine is most often used in the manufacture of knotty pine cabinetry and furniture. This lumber is used to achieve a rustic appearance or the early American look.

 

 

SUGAR PINE

1" RW&L C&BTR. SUGAR PINE KD. RGH

1 ¼" RW&L C&BTR. SUGAR PINE KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L C&BTR. SUGAR PINE KD. RGH.

2" RW&L C&BTR. SUGAR PINE KD. RGH.

2"X12"XRL #2 COMMON SUGAR PINE KD. RGH.

 

 

Sugar Pine is the aristocrat of the White Pines. Sugar Pine is harvested out of Northern California and Oregon. The Sugar Pine stocked by Schaller Hardwood contains excellent widths and lengths. Sugar Pine ranges in color from a white color in the sapwood to a manila color in the heartwood. There is very little distinction between the heartwood and sapwood. Sugar Pine lumber has a great deal of decay resistance and is suitable for many exterior uses. Sugar Pine has a very fine grain with a uniform soft texture. Sugar Pine lends itself very well to working with hand tools and is one of the best if not the best carving woods. Sugar Pine is most commonly used in the manufacture of doors, sash, architectural millwork, pattern making, and wood carving.

 

 

YELLOW PINE

1" RW&L FAS&1F YELLOW PINE KD. S2S 15/16"

1" RW&L #1 COMMON YELLOW PINE KD. S2S 15/16"

 

The Yellow Pine stocked by Schaller Hardwood is only harvested out of Missouri. The Yellow Pine from this area is of a slow growth. The Yellow Pine lumber stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested by a select few of the smaller mills. These mills only saw the Yellow Pine during the winter months so as to lessen the possibility of blue stain in the lumber. We at Schaller Hardwood Lumber grade this lumber just as we would the Red Oak lumber brought into us. We dip the lumber upon arrival at our yard, grade it, place on sticks for drying and then kiln dry just as we would a hardwood. The drying schedule we use on the Yellow Pine is a very conservative schedule and we condition the lumber at the end of the schedule. By adhering to these drying schedules we eliminate the extreme stress that is often found in other Yellow Pine. The Yellow Pine stocked by Schaller Hardwood is very easy to work with and finishes well. This is one of the more underutilized species we stock.

 

 

POPLAR

                        

1" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

1" 12"&W. FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON POPLAR KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

1 ¼" 12"&W. FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L #1 COMMON POPLAR KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L #1 COMMON POPLAR KD. RGH.

1 ¾" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

2" 12"&W. FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

2" RW&L #1 COMMON POPLAR KD. RGH.

2 ½" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

3" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

4" RW&L FAS&1F POPLAR KD. RGH.

 

The Poplar stocked by Schaller Hardwood is harvested from the Ohio River Valley region. The Poplar cut in this region offers the best combination of length and width, along with a good medium texture. Poplar has a white to cream colored sapwood, while the heartwood varies in color from a very light green to purple or even black. The grain pattern of Poplar is rather non-descript. Poplar often yields lumber with exceptional length and width. Poplar is one of the more versatile hardwoods. It is most commonly used as a paint grade material, however it can often be used as a Cherry, Walnut, or Birch substitute depending on the color and finish used. Poplar is very easy to work with and does take a finish well. Poplar is used in the manufacture of paint grade cabinetry, paint grade mouldings, furniture, and architectural millwork.

 

 

PURPLEHEART

1" RW&L FAS&1F PURPLEHEART KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F PURPLEHEART KD. RGH.

 

Purpleheart, also known as Amaranth, is harvested in Central and South America. The lumber stocked by Schaller Hardwood is primarily harvested out of Brazil. Purpleheart as the name suggests is purple in color. Purpleheart lumber is available in excellent widths and lengths. The lumber is extremely hard and dense, but does machine well. Purpleheart also has excellent exterior durability. The lumber is most often used as accent strips on furniture and cabinetry, small wooden crafts, and as wooden slats on park benches.

 

 

BOLIVIAN ROSEWOOD

1" RWx3’&LGR. SEL.&BTR. BOLIVIAN ROSEWOOD KD. RGH.

 

Bolivian Rosewood, also known as Moradillo is harvested primarily from Bolivia. The color of Bolivian Rosewood varies from a light brown to reddish brown to purple brown color. The wood is beautiful when finished to a high polish. The lumber is most often used in the manufacture of fine furniture, turnings, and as an accent in fine woodwork.

 

SAPELE

                         

1" RW&L FAS FLAT SAWN SAPELE KD. RGH

1" RW&L FAS QUARTERSAWN SAPELE KD. RGH

1-1/4" RW&L FAS FLAT SAWN SAPELE KD. RGH

1-1/2" RW&L FAS FLAT SAWN SAPELE KD. RGH

    2" RW&L FAS FLAT SAWN SAPELE KD. RGH

Heartwood ranges in color from that of medium to a dark reddish- or purplish-brown. Sapwood is whitish or pale yellow, distinct. Fine texture and interlocked grain produces a narrow and uniform stripe pattern on quartered surfaces. It has a cedar-like scent when cut.The commercially important wood is reminiscent of mahogany, with a distinctive figure, typically applied where figure is important. It is sought after as flooring and cabinetry for its durability and beautiful graining.

 

SASSAFRAS

1" RW&L FAS&1F SASSAFRAS KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON SASSAFRAS KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #2 COMMON SASSAFRAS KD. RGH.

 

Sassafras grows in most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Most people have never seen a Sassafras tree large enough to be cut into lumber, and remember the tree mostly because its roots are used in the making of Sassafras tea. The Sassafras stocked by Schaller Hardwood is primarily harvested from the Ohio River Valley, mostly out of the state of Indiana. Sassafras is a very attractive wood with little distinction between its heartwood and sapwood. Sassafras ranges in color from a very light tan to brown color. The grain resembles that of Ash. Sassafras is one of the few open grain hardwoods to have nice soft texture. The lumber when machined or sanded has a very pleasant, distinct odor. The supply of Sassafras has limited its use.

 

 

TEAK

1" RW&L FAS&1F TEAK KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F TEAK KD. RGH.

 

The Teak lumber stocked by Schaller Hardwood is plantation grown in Burma. The lumber varies in color from a yellowish-brown to dark brown color. The lumber is hard and oily. Teak is a bit difficult to work with because of it silica content and its oiliness. Teak lumber is extremely decay resistant and lends itself well to exterior uses. The most common uses for Teak lumber are ship decking, patio furniture, garden furniture, fine architectural millwork, upper end cabinetry, and fine furniture.

 

 

WALNUT, AMERICAN BLACK

                         

1" RW&L FAS&1F STEAMED WALNUT KD. RGH.

1" 10"&W. FAS&1F STEAMED WALNUT KD. RGH.

1" RW&L #1 COMMON STEAMED WALNUT KD. RGH.

1 ¼" RW&L FAS&1F STEAMED WALNUT KD. RGH.

1 ½" RW&L FAS&1F STEAMED WALNUT KD. RGH.

2" RW&L FAS&1F STEAMED WALNUT KD. RGH.

 

Walnut is found throughout the United States, but its commercial harvesting range is confined to the Midwestern States. The Walnut stocked by Schaller Hardwood is primarily harvested from Missouri, Iowa, and Indiana. Walnut has been viewed as the ultimate hardwood in the past. Anything made of Walnut has the connotation of being of the highest quality. The sapwood in Walnut is a white to very light gray color, while the heartwood varies from a light brown to almost black color. The Walnut stocked by Schaller Hardwood is steamed immediately after being cut. The steaming process is used in Walnut production to darken the sapwood and lessen the distinction between the heartwood and sapwood. Walnut is graded under a special set of rules developed by the National Hardwood Lumber Association. These rules take into consideration the uniqueness and availability of the resource. Walnut is used in the manufacture of architectural millwork, fine furniture, upper end cabinetry, and gunstocks.

WENGE 

1" RW&L FAS&1F WENGE KD.

Heartwood is a very dark brown with black streaks. Upon application of a wood finish (particularly an oil-finish) the wood can become nearly black. The wood has excellent strength and hardness properties, and is also dark enough to be used as a substitute  for ebony.

YELLOWHEART 

1" RW&L SEL.&BTR. YELLOWHEART KD. RGH.

Heartwood color ranges from pale to golden yellow, darkening only slightly with age. Sapwood is a pale yellow/white. Commonly referred to as Pau Amarello— which is Portuguese for “yellow wood”—few woods are as consistent and vibrant a yellow as Yellowheart. The wood is also sometimes sold as Brazilian Satinwood, though it is not to be considered a true satinwood.

ZEBRAWOOD

1" RW&L FAS&1F ZEBRAWOOD KD. RGH.

 

Zebrawood is harvested out of West Africa. Zebrawood has a very distinctive grain pattern of alternating stripes of yellowish tan and dark brown color, hence its name. Zebrawood is relatively difficult to work with because of its coarse grain and texture. The lumber is also hard and heavy. Zebrawood is most often used for that "different look" be it in furniture, paneling or accent pieces.